What's The Distinction Between Bookkeeping And Accounting?

What's The Distinction Between Bookkeeping And Accounting?

What's the difference between bookkeeping, accounting, and accountancy? When somebody says they're an accountant, are they really a bookkeeper? Does it really matter?


Bookkeeping is the method of systematically recording the monetary transactions of a enterprise, so as to show how the transactions relate to every other. Bookkeeping is basically a mechanical course of and doesn't contain any analysis of the monetary transactions, but moderately the recording of them.

Traditionally, the information have been stored in a book, therefore the identify bookkeeping. Lately, bookkeeping is generally carried out using a bookkeeping software program package, but the names of the books (daybook, moneybook, journal, and ledger) are nonetheless used.

A bookkeeper's perform is primarily one in all recording transactions within the journal and posting to the ledger, and is typically referred to as an accounts clerk.

There are two sorts of bookkeeping: single entry and double-entry. In single entry bookkeeping, the document HST Filing of every transaction is carried to both the debit or credit column of a single account. In double-entry bookkeeping, entries of each transaction are carried to the ledger: one to the debit aspect, and one to the credit facet, of the corresponding account. That is so the 2 entries can be utilized to check every other.


Accounting is the systematic recording, reporting, and analysis of financial transactions of a business. As bookkeeping involves making a financial report of enterprise transactions, it is true to say that the function of bookkeeping is encompassed within the scope of accounting, and the bookkeeping system utilized by a enterprise would form a part of the accounting system.

Accounting additionally consists of the preparation of statements concerning property, liabilities and the operating outcomes of a business.

Accountancy is the occupation associated to accounting, and an accountant is the one who does, or at the very least is liable for, the work. Accountants usually specialise in a particular space of accounting corresponding to taxes, auditing, or management.

In a small company, all of the bookkeeping and accounting tasks may well be performed by a single person. On this state of affairs, that individual would normally be referred to as an accountant.